Ahmed Tidjane SOUARE
Special Adviser to the actual President of the Republic of Guinea
Dr Ahmed Tidjane SOUARE, former Prime Minister of the Republic of Guinea and former Minister of State, Special Adviser to the actual President of the Republic, Phd in metallogeny, throughout his rich and diverse career has managed a number of Ministerial Portfolios which are: The Ministry of State in charge of Social and Cultural Development, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, the Ministry of Mines and Geology.
Originally a mining engineer, he converted to administration, expertise in public finance through internships at the international monetary fund, the world bank and the institute of public administration of paris, as well as other short-term trainings in management. He has also held many positions of responsibility within the administration of his country which, among others: Inspector General of Finance, Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Chairman of the Interdepartmental Petroleum Monitoring Committee, Head of Cabinet of the Ministry delegated to the Prime Minister in charge of the budget and the restructuring of the parapublic sector, Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Economic and Financial Control; Chairman of the Economic and Financial Coordination Committee of the Government (CCEF), Coordinator of the Office of Monitoring, Evaluation and Control at the Presidency of the Republic, Dean of the Faculty of Mines and Geology of Boké and also a professor of institute and lecturer in various seminars in public finance.
After obtaining his first and second baccalaureate at Labé, he was admitted at the Gamal Abdel Nasser Polytechnic Institute of Conakry (Faculty of Mines and Geology of Boké), where he gains his engineer’s degree in the Republic of Guinea. From there he went to Morocco for advanced studies, where he had a Diploma of Advanced Studies (DEA) in Applied Geology and a Doctorate in Metallogeny at Cadi Ayyad University of Marrakech.
The abondance of mineral resources of Africa is well established. A concerted and joined policy of development, conducted thoughtfully and responsibly will clearly lead not only to the targeted development, but also to the desired integration on the social and economic level in Africa.
Presently and almost from all african countries, mineral products are exported as raw materials, they are processed outside Africa and consequently generating added value much above that of run of mined ores.
The development of minerals projects at the continental scale could lead to an increase of added value of industrial mineral products. This will also lead to reduced costs of building infrastructures, housing, transportation and other induced activities in agriculture and agro industries.
For a case study, let us consider aluminum which is nowadays the second industrial metal positioned between steel and copper. Aluminum annual production is around 100 MT generating a total revenue of 250 billions US Dollars at a conservative price of 2500 US Dollars per Ton . 40% of that figure amounts to 100 Billions US Dollars . This represents the bulk sum of the total foreign direct investments (FDI) for the whole continent. Just above 50% of that sum (+50 B US Dollars) represents the bulk sum of the chinese business investment in the entire continent of Africa. This explanation could be applied to other mineral resources like iron ore, copper, phosphates, zinc, nickel and cobalt.
Of course, the processing of the ores in Africa requires the availability of sufficient power sources (electrical power) either on site of countries producing minerals or easily accessible to areas of minerals resources which is a possibility in Africa.
Last but not least, the political will of the african states has to entail the fulfillment of this processus.