1) Matériaux pour le stockage d’énergie (Energy Storage Materials)
The demands for the energy-efficient transportation system are rapidly growing in the world. Electric vehicles, in addition to the classical portable devices and renewable energies, are being developed for commercial use. The penetration to the market and the development of such technologies require efficient energy storage technology, including thermal and electrochemical energy storage systems. In the case of the electrochemical energy storage (Batteries) for instance, where three scientists were recently awarded by the Nobel Prize 2019, the electrode materials play the main role and most of the available materials in the market as based on African Mineral Resources. Actually, great efforts from the scientists are focused on the development of new materials or the optimization and modification of the existing ones.
2) Materials and Environment:
The management of waste and residue are growing in importance because of population growth and increasing exploitation of natural resources to meet the demands of the modern economy.
The United Nations in The Conference of Parties on climate change and protecting the environment (COP 22) called for the necessity to unite efforts of researchers, professors and industrialists concerned by technological and scientific advances in the materials and environmental sciences, to find real solutions for many of the waste management issues that we have today.
This environmental management could be achieved throughout two procedures:
– Either by recycling, recovering materials, and reusing them again to make new products;
– Or by developing new materials for the containment of these wastes.
3) Green Chemistry
Due to environmental concerns related to the impact of petro-based materials on the environment, the development towards green and sustainable chemistry for different industrial applications is nowadays an intensive research topics. This transition from non-renewable resources to renewable bio-resources can have a true effect on our modern society, offering ecological, economic and social benefits. Thus, the Green and Sustainable Chemistry focuses on all research areas that attempt to overcome the environmental problems of the chemical industry. The Green chemistry aims to develop sustainable technologies that are naturally non-toxic to living organisms and the environment. Areas covered by the session include: